Quran 15:26 says: “And We did certainly create man from salsalin from black mud formed (into shapes).

Quran 2:31-33 says: “And He taught Adam the names – all of them. Then He showed them to the angels and said, “Inform Me of the names of these, if you are truthful. They said, “Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise. He said, “O Adam, inform them of their names.” And when he had informed them of their names, He said, “Did I not tell you that I know the unseen [aspects] of the heavens and the earth? And I know what you reveal and what you have concealed.”

Quran 96:3-4 says: “Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous, Taught man (the use of) the pen, Taught man that which he knew not.

According to the Quran, mankind was created from salsalin or black mud of clay consistency that was formed into shapes. The mention of the color of the clay-like mud was black which indicates that mankind evolved in land whose population was very dark skinned. That continent was Africa which has since been confirmed by archaeologists. The name for these African humans was Adam; a name that has reached every continent on earth.

The name Adam has been connected to Hebrew scripture in the biblical story of Genesis. This biblical connection has caused many a linguist to speculate that the name Adam has Hebrew origins. The name has been connected to the Semitic word ‘dam’ which means blood as well as the color red. The color of the earth the area around ancient Judah and Edom was red, so the earth was called ‘adamah’ meaning red earth. The word gender is feminine so scholars have balked at the certainty that the name Adam derives from a word of feminine gender although they speculate that Adam was thought to have been created from the red earth surrounding Edom and Judah. Quran solves this uncertain speculation as the Quran is clear that Adam, mankind, was created, from black mud that had a clay like consistency. Thus, the name Adam cannot be linked to either word, ‘dam’ (blood) or ‘adamah’ (red earth) as Adam’s skin color was black and not red.

Since the Quran has led us to the continent of Africa for the origin and evolution of mankind, one must conclude that the name Adam also originated in Africa. The oldest African language of which we have evidence is the ancient, afro-asiatic language of ancient Egypt. The word from which the word Adam derives is the ancient Egyptian word ‘dm’ of which the hieroglyphs are D46-S23. The word ‘dm’ means ‘pronounce’, ‘proclaim (a name)’, and ‘mention (by name)’. If one adds the suffix ‘w’ (Hieroglyph G43) the word is dm-w (Damu) and means ‘one who utters names’. The name Adamu is common in Ethiopia, Uganda, Nigeria etc. This interpretation is consistent with Adam’s (mankind’s) role in the Quran as the creature who mentioned/proclaimed the names of creation to the Angels. It is not the color of blood or the color of the skin that distinguishes mankind from other mammals who also have red blood and various skin colors. The distinguishing difference is mankind’s ability to understand his surroundings to the point he is able to articulate the names of things that inhabit his environment. Names or nouns are the basis upon which humans construct their vocabularies and their languages. No other living entity in the perceptible world of the Dunya has this ability which is unique to human beings.

In addition to their Allah-given ability to identify and name the particulars in their environment, human beings were also favored with the gift of the pen or writing. The earliest evidence of writing is the hieroglyphic and hieratic scripts of ancient Egypt. Everyone is familiar with the pictographs which make up Egyptian hieroglyphics, but few are familiar with the cursive hieratic script that very early evolved from the pictographic script of hieroglyphics. According to the Britannica: “Hieratic Script: ancient Egyptian cursive writing, used from the 1st dynasty (c. 2925–c. 2775 BCE) until about 200 BCE. Derived from the earlier, pictorial hieroglyphic writing used in carved or painted inscriptions, hieratic script was generally written in ink with a reed pen on papyrus; its cursive form was more suited to such a medium than were the formal hieroglyphs.” The Quran is surely indicating the ancient hieratic script of Egypt when it mentions ‘the use of the pen’. Hieratic script was written with a reed pen. The only other early script was cuneiform, a writing system which the scribe punched marks into wet clay with a wooden stylus in order to form the cuneiform characters.

So, again, the Quran has proven to be 100% accurate and 100% revelation in its description of the African origins mankind’s abiogenesis evolution from black clay-like mud, to the African development of language through the naming of the environment and to the gift of writing with a pen as developed by the ancient Egyptians. Subhan Allah!!!

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