The meaning of Musa’s name (Mosheh in Hebrew) makes no sense as it means ‘to draw out’ water from a well. The name Mosheh is most likely derived from the word MUŠ.ŠÀ.TUR : MUŠ.ŠÀ.TÙR meaning viper: (Mush=serpent, Sha=the one who, Tur (shur in Sumerian)=to produce a liquid). This word can be traced to Sumerian, Old Akkadian, Mari, Ugarit etc. Remove the ‘Tur’ suffix, and the name MUŠ.ŠÀ appears (pronounced Mushsha, Moshe in Hebrew and Musa in Arabic) which means in Mari, Ugarit, Old Akkadian, Canaanite etc., ‘the one with the snake’ or ‘the snake guy’ in modern English. This name is associated with ancient Byblos, a Canaanite city and a trading partner of Egypt since the First Dynasty of the Old Kingdom Egyptian King Senefru. (The Old Kingdom lasted from 2600-2450 BCE). It is only speculation, but Musa (as) appears to have been raised in the palace as a protege of the Egyptian king, Khufu. Here is a summary of the religious connection between Old Kingdom Egypt and Byblos:
“A 5,000 year old spell in hieroglyphics was discovered in the tomb of an Egyptian Pharaoh, Unas in Saqqara, Egypt. Early on, scholars were unable to decipher the hieroglyphics until an expert in Semitic languages, Prof. Richard Steiner of New York’s Yeshiva University cracked the case. Steiner was readily able to read the transliterated Semitic text in hieroglyphics.
The text, written between 3,000 and 2,500 B.C., was inscribed on a subterranean wall of the pyramid of King Unas. Initial attempt at reading the text in the language of the pharaohs did not make sense in that language. Steiner recognized the transliterated inscription as Canaanite based on the evident reference of “mother snake,” typical of Canaanite spells. Other hieroglyphic spells in the Egyptian language further supported the decipherment, based on the subject matter of the “mother snake.”
Further, the incantation was formulated by the Canaanite priests of the Phoenician city of Byblos, specifically provided for the kings of Egypt. It is useful to mention that Byblos was a vital center for the Egyptians from where they imported timber and resin for building and mummification. Evidently, the Egyptians also imported magical spells from Byblos intended to protect royal mummies against poisonous snakes that were thought to understand Canaanite. They included the magic spells on two sides of the sarcophagus of the pharaoh in an effort to ward them off.
“Come, come to my house,” reads one section in the Semitic language that is supposed to be the snake’s mother speaking, trying to lure him out of the tomb. In another passage, the snake is addressed as if he is a lover with “Turn aside, O my beloved.”
“Mother snake, mother snake says mucus-mucus.” Utterance of rir-rir mother snake, mother snake. The words “rir-rir” refer to the drivel, the venom of the snake.
Despite the fact that the Egyptian arrogantly viewed their culture as far superior to that of their neighbors, their morbid fear of snakes made them open to the borrowing of Semitic magic.
The text is said to be the oldest Semitic text ever discovered since a more recent one discovered nearly a century ago from the 24th century B.C. “The phrases, interspersed throughout religious texts in Egyptian characters in the underground chambers of a pyramid south of Cairo, stumped Egyptian experts for about a century, until the Semitic connection was found.” Reported, AP, Jerusalem, Thursday, Jan 25, 2007, Page 6.
“This finding should be of great interest to cultural historians,” said Prof. Steiner. “Linguists, too, will be interested in these texts. They show that Proto-Canaanite, the common ancestor of Phoenician, Moabite, Ammonite and Hebrew, existed already in the third millennium B.C.E as a language distinct from Aramaic, Ugaritic, and the other Semitic languages. And they provide the first direct evidence for the pronunciation of Egyptian in this early period.” The texts will also be important to biblical scholars, since they shed light on several rare words in the Bible, he said. “This is a sensational discovery,” said Moshe Bar-Asher, Bialik Professor of Hebrew Language at the Hebrew University and president of the Academy of the Hebrew Language. “It is the earliest attestation of a Semitic language, in general, and Proto-Canaanite, in particular.”
The Arabic word for pharaoh (fr3wn) must also be clarified as it does not match the Egyptian, Coptic, Hebrew or Greek names which are all based on the LXX (Septuagint) rendering of the name or p(h)arao. The Egyptian name is pr aA or O1-O29 meaning ‘great (aA) house (pr)’. One must look for the Egyptian meaning of fr3wn as Egyptian hieroglyphs and Egyptian mythology are extensively referenced in the Quran’s story of the Prophet Musa (as). Since, there is no letter ‘p’ in Arabic, one must use the letter ‘f’ as a substitute. ‘Fr ‘in Arabic is the Egyptian word ‘pr’ or O1 and means house. The remaining letters ayin, waw, nun are found in the Egyptian lexicon as an exact match or D36-E34-N35-A24 or 3wn. 3wn means ‘to despoil’ and to wail’. So, Fr3wn means ‘the house of wailing’ and the ‘pillaged/plundered’ house’; not great house or Pharaoh. The phrase ‘fir3wn’ refers both to the palace or Khufu’s house as well as the great pyramid.
Khufu’s palace became a house of wailing when his eldest son, the crown prince Kawab, died before he could ascend the throne; an event that is memorialized in the biblical tale in the Book of Exodus 11:4-6.
Besides his palace, King Khufu built another great house as his final abode in death aka the great pyramid of Giza. It was immediately plundered after his entombment. This pyramid is the ‘tall impressive building’ in Quran 40:36. So, this tall, impressive building about which he bragged to the Prophet Musa was immediately despoiled, his tomb treasures were robbed and his mummy was desecrated. Total destruction, subhanah Allah. And Allah knows best.
The Quran story of Musa includes important clues as to the reigning king of Egypt at the time Musa lived. These clues are contained in the multiple Arabic words for ‘snake’ used in this story:
Hay-ya means snake in Arabic and also suggests life or hayya. The ancients thought that snakes lived forever because they shed their skin and emerged as a revitalized creature so the words are linked. Musa’s inanimate staff appeared to become a living snake. In Egyptian, the word HAy M16-M17-M17 (pronounced khay as in the Hebrew word for life khay) means protector and is associated with the snake goddess Wadjet (name means ‘green’) who appears on the crowns of the Egyptian kings as the deshret crown of lower Egypt. According to Wiki: “Wadjet was said to be the matron and protector of Lower Egypt, and upon unification with Upper Egypt, the joint protector and patron of all of Egypt. The image of Wadjet with the sun disk is called the uraeus, and it was the emblem on the crown of the rulers of Lower Egypt. She was also the protector of kings and of women in childbirth.”
Af3a means snake and most likely derives from the Egyptian word Hfaw (khf3w) V29-I9-G1-G43-I14 which means snake.
Thu3ban means ‘giant snake’ in Arabic and refers to the former Pole Star located in the constellation Draco and to its circumpolar stars that circled the pole star as well as such gigantic snakes that swallow their prey whole as pythons and boa constrictors. The Pole Star accompanied by its Circumpolar stars were significant to the Egyptians.
According to Wikipedia: “About 4,500 years ago, the Egyptians believed that the unmovable area the stars encircled by 10 degrees each, was heaven in the sense that it was the place of the afterlife. The pole star at the time was Thuban (Alpha Draconis).”
This circumpolar stars that orbited the Pole Star, according to Wikipedia, were known to the Egyptians as the Indestructibles (Ancient Egyptian: hmw-sk – literally “the ones not knowing destruction” was the name given by ancient Egyptian astronomers to two bright stars which, at that time, could always be seen circling the North Pole. The name is directly related to Egyptian belief in constant North as a portal to heaven for pharaohs, and the stars’ close association with eternity and the afterlife. These circumpolar stars are now known as Kochab (Beta Ursae Minoris), in the bowl of Ursa Minor or, the Little Dipper, and Mizar (Zeta Ursae Majoris), in Ursa Major, at the middle of the handle of the Big Dipper…”
Allah (swt) is informing us, who research the Quran, what Musa’s staff (HqAt or shepherds staff that became the king’s scepter and symbolized rulership) meant to the Egyptian king. It meant the destruction of his kingdom and country (represented by Wadjet, the snake goddess and protector of the king and Egypt) and his false religion which promised this self deified king a portal (AthThu3ban) into the Field of Reeds (paradise).
Most importantly, the Pole Star was in the constellation Draco 4500 years ago. It is now located in Ursa Minor. At that time Khufu was the king of Egypt (fir3wn) who imported cedar logs (awtad) from Byblos where he found his magicians, who recognized that Musa was a prophet of El Eyon (Allah (swt) to the Canaanites). So, the use of these 3 words pinpoints the time in which Musa and the King lived; the 4th Dynasty or 2589–2566 BC .
The remaining Wikipedia article explains Quran 28:38. Fir3wn does not mean Pharaoh or pr Aa (from the great house or palace) in Egyptian. It means pr awn, which means, in Egyptian, from the despoiled, pillaged house or from the house of wailing. (Kawab, the crown prince died before he could ascend the throne). Khufu’s tomb or pyramid was utterly plundered by grave robbers and despoiled of its limestone casing by pillagers who repurposed the casings in other buildings. According to the Quran 28:38:
Fir3wn said: “O nobles, I do not know that you have any god beside myself. Haman, fire up the kilns and build a lofty palace for me so that I may mount up and be able to observe the god of Moses, even though I believe that Moses is a liar.
According to Wikipedia: “As the Egyptians believed that the unmovable area the stars circled was heaven, the pyramids were built to align north with a single, perfectly aligned vent. In King Khufu’s Pyramid, the shaft itself, built into the structure, started at the chamber of King Khufu and ends at the outside. The shaft was built at an angle, so it could always sight The Indestructibles. The Egyptians built this vent in the pyramids in order to ensure a perfectly aligned path towards heaven (although recent researches have shown them not to be completely perfect). Hancock and Bauval claim these inaccuracies mean that the Great Pyramid and by extension the Sphinx were built c. 10,500 BC, a suggestion not widely accepted.
The entrances to all the Fourth Dynasty pyramids at Giza (the Great Pyramid, the Pyramid of Khafre, and the Pyramid of Menkaure) are in their north faces and the corridors are sloped down from the entrances in such a way that both the circumpolar stars and the pole star were visible. The positioning of the pyramids is such that they do not block each other’s views of these stars.
A pyramid was a resting place, rather than a tomb, providing the occupant with all the requirements both physical and mystical for the journey of the ka to the afterlife to become an akh. Because of this, as David Warburton puts it, “In this sense… the entrance is in fact the exit”.
The North Shaft of the Kings chamber is also believed to have aligned with Beta Ursae Minoris to facilitate the King’s journey as Horus to the stars.
Dr. Kate Spence of the Faculty of Oriental Studies at Cambridge University argues that the alignment of the Great Pyramid of Giza was performed by waiting for a “simultaneous transit” of the circumpolar Indestructibles, and therefore, that by charting the precession of the stars a relatively accurate start date (+/- 5 years) for its construction can be given, namely 2480 BCE Previous Egyptian chronology for the Old Kingdom could only be considered accurate to within 100 years either way.”
Quran 20 recounts the story of Musa (as) and Fir3wn’s (King Khufu) magicians who he imported from the Canaanite city of Byblos. The confrontation begins with Musa confronting Pharaoh by pulling his hand from his sleeve and showing his open palm which is white. The magicians then cast their spell and snakes appear from their sleeves. Musa casts his staff, which becomes a snake that consumes the magicians’ snakes. The magicians prostrate themselves and acknowledge that Allah (swt) is the one, true God. (El Elyon was the chief of the Canaanite pantheon, so it is not surprising that these magicians reverted to their Canaanite faith.). Fr3wn’s responds by threatening to murder them in a peculiar manner.
In order to decipher the above described event, one must begin by applying hieroglyphs to the meaning of Musa’s (as) hand. The open hand in hieroglyphs is D46 or drt and mean ‘open hand’, palm. D46 is used in many words including the words dgi. When dgi is spelled as D46-W11-A4 it means ‘to hide’. The pictographs for this word are an open hand, a ring stand and a fatigued man. When dgi is spelled D46-W11-D4 it means ‘behold’. The pictographs for this word are an open hand, a ring stand and an eye. Musa is telling fr3wn that he is going to teach him something that was hidden from him before this in his own language. The teaching was in his right hand which carried the staff, which is the hieroglyph D40; a hand grasping a shepherd’s staff which became the heqa scepter. This scepter became a symbol of the Egyptian king as a ruler. The heqa scepter is used in the word for ruler or Hq3 (S38). D40 is used in the word for victory D40-Z2. Z2 is a hieroglyph with 3 vertical strokes and means plurality or repeated victories or a very decisive victory. In other words, with this hand which bears a staff you will be defeated three times over.
Now, one must decipher the meaning of the snake. One of the most popular images of the Egyptians kings are one in which he is wearing the Nemes head cloth which is encircled by a uraeus. The uraeus represents the cobra goddess Wadjet aka ‘the green one’ and ‘the eye of Horus’. Wadjet was the protector of pharaoh and symbolized him as the ruler of Egypt.. The hieroglyph determinative for this goddess is I13 which is I12 + V30. I12 or an erect cobra, the symbol of lower Egypt plus V30 which is a basket or nb. ‘Nb’ also means lord and every, all. So, when one viewed this crown, one was reading that the Egyptian king was the lord of all and he was protected by the eye of Horus who was Wadjet. One can guess why pharaoh was terrified. Musa (as), with his open hand was declaring in pharaoh’s own language that he was about to receive some very significant revealed information, which was hitherto hidden. So, when Musa (as) threw his staff (symbol of power to Egyptian kings) which became a snake (symbol of a deity to Fir3wn) which consumed the fake snakes of the magicians, it was a clear message to pharaoh in his own language that Musa’s god, Allah (swt) was going to utterly crush him, which he did. Al hamdu lilah and Allah (swt) knows best.
Verse 20:71 of this story is an absolute miracle that has never been correctly translated. The verse in English says: “(Fr3wn) said: you (magicians) put faith in him (Musa) before I give you leave. Lo! he is your chief who taught you magic. Now, surely, I shall cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides and (I shall crucify you on the trunks of palm trees), and you shall know for certain which of us has the severest and more lasting punishment.” One must be careful to pay attention to the phrases in parentheses, which can be transliterated “usalibannakum fil juzuu innakhl” or literally I will suspend you from the the trunks of date palms. This method of execution is mentioned Deuteronomy 21:22,23 and is referenced by Paul of Tarsus in Galatians 13:10 as a form of ‘crucifixion’. The Kingdom of Israel was a Canaanite kingdom which was under the hegemony of Egypt during the 4th Dynasty. So, Fr3wn is threatening his Canaanite magicians with an execution with which they were very familiar.
The story of Fr3wn and Musa is told in the specific images of Egypt under the dynastic pharaohs. The story of Musa (as) as it is recounted in the Quran is absolute proof that the Quran is 100% revelation and 100% accurate. The foregoing also confirms that Khufu was the Egyptian king (fir3wn-from the wailing house because the crown prince died), whose wazir was Haman (Hemon/Hemiunu) who expelled Musa and his El Elyon worshipping followers form Egypt.